Here are the top five most famous brainstorming techniques, along with summaries of how and why they work:
- Brainstorming: This is a classic technique that involves a group of people coming together to generate ideas by freely sharing their thoughts and ideas without judgment. The goal is to generate as many ideas as possible, regardless of their feasibility or feasibility. This technique works because it allows people to build on each other's ideas and think outside the box, leading to the creation of new and innovative solutions.
- SCAMPER: This technique involves a list of prompts that help people think creatively about how they can modify, combine, adapt, put to another use, eliminate, reverse, or substitute the elements of a problem or challenge. This technique works because it encourages people to look at a problem from different angles and consider a wide range of potential solutions.
- Six Thinking Hats: This technique involves using six different "hats" to represent different modes of thinking. The "white hat" represents objective and neutral thinking, the "red hat" represents emotions and feelings, the "black hat" represents caution and skepticism, the "yellow hat" represents optimism and benefits, the "green hat" represents creativity and new ideas, and the "blue hat" represents the overall process and organization of the brainstorming session. This technique works because it helps people to consider a problem from multiple perspectives and encourages a more balanced and thorough approach to problem-solving.
- The Charette Procedure: This technique involves breaking a group of people into smaller teams, each of which is tasked with generating ideas and solutions to a problem. The teams then come back together to share their ideas and discuss them as a group. This technique works because it allows people to work in a more focused and collaborative manner, leading to the creation of more detailed and well-thought-out solutions.
- The Starbursting Technique: This technique involves asking a series of questions to help people think creatively about a problem. The questions are organized around six categories: substitution, combination, adaptation, modification, put to another use, and elimination. This technique works because it helps people to consider a wide range of potential solutions and encourages them to think creatively about how to address a problem.
Overall, these brainstorming techniques can be effective tools for generating new ideas and solving problems. It's important to choose the technique that best fits the needs of your group and the problem you are trying to solve.